Monday, February 19, 2018

Various African Cultural Elements That Are Found In The 2018 Fictional Black Panther Movie (with Black Panther trailer video)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post showcases the official trailer for the 2018 Black PantherAmerican movie video and quotes excerpts from five online articles that highlight various African cultural elements that are found in that movie.

This is part of an ongoing series on the 2018 Black Panther American movie. Click for other post in this series including the pancocojams post entitled "Traditional African Languages, Arabic Languages, & Other Sources For Names In The 2018 Black Panther Movie"

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who have created, developed, written, and drawn the comic book series Black Panther character. Thanks also to all those who are associated with the 2018 Black Panther movie. Thanks also to all others who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publisher of this video on YouTube.

arvel Studios' Black Panther - Official Trailer

Marvel Entertainment, Published on Oct 16, 2017

Long live the king. Watch the new trailer for Marvel Studios #BlackPanther. In theaters February 16! ► Subscribe to Marvel:

From By Zeba Blay; 02/16/2018 04:38 pm ET Updated, 2/17/2018
From Zamunda To Wakanda: How ‘Black Panther’ Reimagined African Style
“Black Panther” is very much a mix of regional, ethnic and cultural customs. And that’s part of what makes it so brilliant.
..."aesthetically, “Black Panther” is very much a hodgepodge, a juxtaposition, a mix of regional, ethnic and cultural customs. And that’s part of what makes it so brilliant.

Costume designer Ruth E. Carter, in collaboration with production designer Hannah Beachler, created a “Wakandan Bible” early on in production, a tome that set the standard for “Black Panther” and the inhabitants of its world ― from the Dora Milaje, King T’Challa’s personal body guard, to the Jabari, a clan that lives in the mountains of Wakanda.

[Before the shoot], I had already been gathering information about the Maasai tribe, and I fell in love with the Dogon,” Carter told HuffPost. “The real Dogon tribe lived in the mountainous area in Africa and they were one of the first astronomers and they studied the stars and they performed a ritual every year where they created these amazing masks that shot up to the heavens. They were carved out of wood and they would adorn their bodies with these raffia skirts and brilliant colors. They were the inspiration for the Jabari tribe.”

Elsewhere in the film, Carter incorporated the traditional painted robes of the Ndebele people of South Africa in the blankets (which are actually shields) worn by Wakanda’s border tribe.

There’s one scene in the movie, in which King T’Challa (Chadwick Boseman), finds himself on the ancestral plane speaking with his dead father. T’Challa wears a tunic with an elaborately embroidered collar, reminiscent of those worn by Yoruba men in Nigeria. When his father appears to him, he is wrapped in traditional cloth in the style that many Ghanaian men do ― indeed the fabric itself is covered in Ghanaian Adinkra symbols for “strength.”

There are many aesthetic moments like this in “Black Panther,” many instances of cultural anachronisms that, somehow, work on another level. There is a flurry of various forms of traditional African attire, from vastly differing parts of the continent. It is, in some ways, nonsensical. In other, more important ways, it makes all the sense in the world. Wakanda is not real in the physical sense, but it is a spiritual ideal, a world representing what the diaspora is and could be if given the chance.

For Carter, the blending of cultures in the film isn’t necessarily about disregarding the significance of the clothes on display.

“Looking at it with modern eyes, it’s OK to pay homage to culture and tradition, but we weren’t trying to make a documentary,” she says. “We wanted to honor it in this futuristic way and a lot of the details of the indigenous African tribes easily translate into a futuristic model.”...

(CNN) Wakanda is a lushly futuristic, equatorial enclave. A journey into Wakanda: How we made Black Panther
By Chris Giles, CNN; Updated 11:52 AM ET, Fri February 16, 2018
..."The production of Marvel's "Black Panther" (US release February 16) is a remarkable feat. It's a thrilling and refreshing spectacle on the big screen, capturing traditional African influences in a hypermodern context.


It is a huge technical and creative undertaking for those working behind the scenes. The production, costume, jewelry and other designers and stylists are creating a whole new world -- one where nature and technology are intertwined.


'Black Panther' fast facts 00:28
The film also bears with it an important responsibility on the designers and director that the images and representations of an African nation -- in a continent often lazily portrayed in the West -- are inspired by African groups.

A large part of the research process was traveling to Africa.
The team traveled up the coast of South Africa in KwaZulu-Natal, into the countryside and via urban districts.

Production designer Hannah Beachler. "When I came back we reworked everything. There was a lot achieved because of my experience of being able to able to touch and feel and be there and see. I had a better perspective," Beachler says.
"It's a lot about taking the ideas that people have about what it is to live in Africa and what it is to be African and retelling that story, reclaiming it I guess, and having this clarification," Beachler said.

This story is also seen in what Wakandans wear, a mesh of traditional and hi-tech Afropunk influences.


Roadmapping African influences
Ruth E. Carter [Black Panther movie’s costume designer]
"There were at least 10 different tribes that we gathered costume inspiration from, because Wakanda is a fictitious land in the Northern Central part of Africa, and it's imagined as a place that was never colonized.
"We could create something that honored African history, African-American history and also would be a new-found culture that would be unique to Wakanda," Carter said.

Carter instructed a team of over 100 buyers. This was no small undertaking, especially for Carter's first shot at a Marvel movie.

She visited Africa and drew influence from ancient tribes to establish the Wakandan people's unique characteristics.
"They wear things more avant-garde. Their hair is natural. They're sometimes barefoot. I would say the Afrofuturistic model is the one characteristic that goes throughout the Wakandan community," Carter says.
Carter was particularly inspired by the Dogon people of West Africa.
"They were a big inspiration for me because they were like astronomers and they lived in this mountainous area of Africa," Carter said.

Other tribes of sartorial inspiration were the Turkana people in East Africa, Hemba people in Congo, Suri tribe in Ethiopia and Tuareg people in western and northern Africa, among others.

However, Carter emboldened these costume designers with edgy, high-tech touches.

Carter said it was important to show this royal African family in a futuristic model."...

From "Black Panther has some impressive superpowers—solving cultural appropriation isn’t one of them"
written by Lynsey Chutel; June 12, 2017
....“It’s a third world country: textiles, shepherds, cool outfits,” is how Martin Freeman’s character Everett K. Ross describes Wakanda. In the film, it’s the image Wakanda has put forth in order to protect itself and in real life, it’s what most audiences may think of when thinking about Africa in film and television—the “Coming to America” trope still firmly in place.

Behind a mighty waterfall that resembles Victoria Falls (Mosi-oa-Tunya as it is known locally), is an Eldorado of technology and innovation known as Wakanda.


The film was mostly shot in a studio in Atlanta, Georgia, the falls are actually shots of Iguazu Falls in Argentina and the skyscrapers are all CGI. And in Africa we generally refer to our panthers as leopards. Still, it’s an indulgent fantasy of what Africa could be, but also what may have been without colonial interference. It’s a reminder that the film is not a meditation on culture, but rather a comic book fantasy that is perhaps inspired by Afrofuturism.


The city T’Challa returns to has walls painted in the geometric patterns that resemble those of Ndebele culture in South Africa. Lupita Nyong’o is seen in what looks like a wax print dress as she stalks through one scene. In another, T’Challa’s mother, played by a white-haired Angela Basset, is wrapped in a Seanamarena blanket, a large part of Lesotho’s cultural heritage. The scene causing the most debate so far is that of a tribal elder in a tailored suit, with a large lip disc.

What’s significant about this aesthetic is not the question it raises about the roots of lip plates and body stretching in African culture, but rather the blending of the modern and traditional. It’s something that happens every day on the streets of Africa’s cities, with sneakers and suits in bold, bright wax prints, beaded jewelry adorning everyday wear, and even the Seanamarena blanket cut into this season’s bomber jacket trend. These trends are borrowed between different cultures as social media breaks down borders and encourages collaboration.

There are questions on whether African Americans should be borrowing from continental culture…
What’s more, this raises questions on appropriation among Africans, whether acknowledging the specific origins of the design should be enough, or whether, for example, Ghana should be acknowledged in every graphic that resembles Kente.

These are not questions the Black Panther film is going to answer, and it isn’t supposed to—that’s what the debate around appropriation misses. In a similar way to young, connected Africans, the film borrows here and there from a blended African culture. One can only hope that the film will acknowledge the origins of these elements and avoid appropriation."...

[Pancocojams Editor's Note: Notice that the title for the Black Panther movie was changed from the title that was used in this article.]

From by Gregory Wakeman, 2016 [the date stamp says "1 year ago" but the comments in the discussion thread say "2 years"]
"Captain America: Civil War isn’t just reuniting us with most of the Avengers. It’s also introducing us to two new superheroes. While we’ve revelled in the web-slinging exploits of a certain Peter Parker for quite a few films now, Chadwick Boseman’s T’Challa/Black Panther is making his big-screen debut in the blockbuster. This means that movie audiences are now devouring every bit of information they can about Black Panther, which now includes the fact that his native language in Civil War and the rest of the Marvel Cinematic Universe is Xhosa.

While Chadwick Boseman’s superhero actually spends most of Captain America: Civil War speaking English to the other English-speakers, there are one or two scenes that sees T’Challa talking to his father T’Chaka, played by John Kani, in a native Wakanda language. Co-director Joe Russo has now confirmed to Entertainment Weekly that they chose Xhosa for his language, admitting that John Kani actually taught Chadwick Boseman how to speak it.
The language we used for Wakandan is called Xhosa. John Kani, the actor who plays T’Challa’s father in the movie, speaks the language and taught it to Chadwick. It’s spoken by 7.6 million people in South Africa

The decision for Black Panther to speak Xhosa was quite a big one not just for Captain America: Civil War, but for the rest of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, too. That’s because we’re almost certainly going to see T’Challa and his alter ego frequently uttering the language in his own solo film. It would just be weird if he didn't.

Xhosa is known as "the clicking language," as in order to properly pronounce its x’s, you have to put your tongue to the roof of your mouth and then make a clicking noise, which closely resembles the sound of a horse trotting. One of the official languages of South Africa, it is spoken by around 18% of the country’s population, while Nelson Mandela spoke it fluently."...
Here are two examples of those comments from that discussion thread:
Stan Philip Samuel [2 years ago] 2016?
They picked the wrong language unfortunately. Xhosa is only spoken in South Africa. Wakanda has been geographically placed in Equatorial Africa near Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia (as seen in Iron Man 2). Maybe Swahili would have been a more appropriate selection. Leaving South African and African audiences confused at the lack of appreciation of our language spread. I guess they took the easy route and used it because John Kani knew the language, still does not make it right though. Oh well, it's a fictional world right?

"MH Eingoluq, [2 years ago] 2016?
"It really just felt odd to me as a choice. I mean, John Kani is South African and speaks Xhosa, but as far as I know Chadwick Boseman doesn't and he's going to be starring in an entire film set* in Wakanda. So it's not obvious to me why they couldn't just pick a language from that general area.

*I mean, I haven't seen it or anything and plenty of Black Panther stories, including some of the best ones, are set outside Wakanda. But if the casting is 90% black people, which is awesome, it seems awfully likely that that's where it's going to be set."
However, here's a celebratory comment from a South African in a February 18, 2018 discussion thread from a YouTube video on this subject:
From Black Panther' puts spotlight on Xhosa, a real African language spoken by Nelson Mandela by news usa, Published on Feb 16, 2018
Alice Gauteng, February 18, 2018
"As a South African I was proud hearing Xhosa spoken in the movie. And tbey also wear Badotho blankets.
Coolest thing ever!
Click "Black Panther' puts spotlight on Xhosa, a real African language spoken by Nelson Mandela"
By JAMES LONGMANANGUS HINES; Feb 16, 2018, 12:10 PM ET for an article about the inclusion of Xhosa in Black Panther.

Excerpt #5
From Black Panther wins the hearts of African cinema fans; Daniel Mumbere 17/02 - 13:10
"Africans can’t get enough of the first Marvel superhero movie with a predominantly black cast.

Black Panther has received rave reviews from critics and cinema goers who have flocked to its’s premieres in Nigeria, Uganda and South Africa among others.

Some of the cast actually flew down to South Africa for the premiere, with Kenyan born actress Lupita Nyong’o, tweeting that ‘the excitement is spellbinding’.

'The people who made the film were very specific about the references they used in relationship to Africa. They are pulling from the best fashion and art.'

Black panther is set in the fictional African nation of Wakanda. It tells the story of the new king, T‘Challa/Black Panther (Chadwick Boseman), who is challenged by rival factions.

The fictional African country is depicted as a verdant land with stunning waterfalls where spacecraft designed like tribal masks soar over a modern metropolis.

Directed by black director Ryan Coogler and featuring actors including Michael B. Jordan, Angela Bassett, Lupita Nyong‘o and Forest Whittaker, the film has received widespread critical acclaim after years of criticism about the under-representation of black people in Hollywood.


Ugandans claim Wakanda
Ugandans who have two actors with roots in the East African country featured in Black Panther, Daniel Kaluuya and Florence Kasumba, have been showing why Wakanda is actually Uganda.

Chazzy Chaz
When u watch Black Panther...look out for location on globe..Its not a coincidence Wakanda rhymes with Uganda and our guy is called O"Wakabi" and u see Murchison falls and rift valleys and impenetrable forests and mountains of the moon! Come vacation in Wakanda/Uganda. …

3:12 AM - Feb 16, 2018

Asiimwe Jolly
The young one of a Uganda is a Wakanda....after all Wakanda is a fictional East African nation bordering Uganda, might as well be our baby. 😄😋 #BlackPanther #WakandaCameToSlay

5:06 AM - Feb 17, 2018

Janelle Villadiego
"As it turns out, the filmmakers, prod. designers, & costumers of Marvel’s #BlackPanther imagined Wakanda as an amalgamation of real African nations, economies, & cultures, including Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, & the Congo."🇳🇬🇰🇪🇺🇬🇿🇦🇨🇩👏 …

6:50 AM - Feb 14, 2018"...

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Sunday, February 18, 2018

Two Pancocojams African Language Quizzes (with links to information about these languages)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents two African language quizzes. The words that are featured in these quizzes are from the following traditional African languages (given in alphabetical order) Akan, Chichewa (Chewa, Nyanja), Igbo, Kinyarwanda, KiSwahili (Swahili), Lingala, Wolof, Yoruba, and Zulu.

This post also includes statements about the country/countries where these languages originate and links to online information about these languages.

The content of this post is presented for to increase information in the United States and in other non-African nations about traditional African languages.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
Click "Five Name Quizzes From My No Longer Active "Alafia Names" Website" for another pancocojams post on Black culture quizzes.

Instructions: Select the best answer that completes these statements.

The answer code is given below.

Pancocojams African Quiz #001 Words from traditional African languages
1. "Ase (ashe)" is a Yoruba word that means
a) aches and pains
b) ashes
c) Africa
d) spiritual force that flows through everything/power

2. "Harambe" is a Swahili language word that means
b) All pull together
c) hello
d) celebrate

3. “Waaw” is a Wolof word that means
a) wait
b) yes
c) where
d) when

4. "Kente" is an Akan language word that refers to
a) the name Kenneth
b) a man's religious hat or cap
c) type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips
d) ancient African writing

5. In the Igbo language, “chi” means
a) birth
b) teeth
c) long life
d) a guardian angel

Pancocojams African Quiz #002 Words from traditional African languages

1. "Indaba" is a Zulu word that means
a) beauty
b) Come in
c) a gathering (meeting), business/matter
d) home

2. "Sankofa" is an Akan word that means
a) Come and sing with me
b) it’s never to late to go back and claim it
c) Eat healthy food.
d) Love is the most important thing in life

3. “Ndimakukonda” is a Chichewa word that means
a) I love you
b) What is your name?
c) This is my country
d) Help me please.

4. “Imana” is a Kinyarwanda word that means
a) I’m not
b). God
c) a girl's name that means "faith"
d) food

5. "Tokomonana" is a Lingala word that means
a) You’re welcome
b) tomorrow
c) grandother
d) good bye

1. d
2. b.
3. b.
4. c
5. d

1. c
2. b
3. a
4. b
5. d

{Pancocojams Editor: Unless otherwise noted, the pronunciations that are given are how I believe these words are pronounced. Corrections are appreciated.

"Yoruba (Èdè Yorùbá)
Yoruba is a member of the Volta-Niger branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages. It is spoken by about 28 million people in southwest Nigeria, Benin, Togo, the UK, Brazil and the USA. It is one of the four official languages of Nigeria, along with English, Hausa and Igbo."... for information about the Yoruba word "ase". "Ase" is often written as "ashe" in the United States and is pronounced "ah-SHAY". Among afrocentric Black people in the United States, ashe is an exclamation that has a similar meaning as "Amen!" For example, the words "ashe ashe" are part of the lyrics for the African American originated "African" song "Funga Alafia". CLick for a pancocojams post entitled "The Funga Alafia (Fanga) Song - Part 1"

"Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language[7]), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people. It is a lingua franca of the African Great Lakes region and other parts of eastern and south-eastern Africa, including Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Mozambique, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).[8] Comorian, spoken in the Comoros Islands is sometimes considered to be a dialect of Swahili, though other authorities consider it a distinct language.[9]"..

Click for information about the Swahili word "harambe".

Also, click for more information. Note that the correct Swahili spelling for this word is "harambe".[pronunciation hah-RAHM-bay]

3. From
"Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people. Like the neighbouring languages Serer and Fula, it belongs to the Senegambian branch of the Niger–Congo language family. Unlike most other languages of the Niger-Congo family, Wolof is not a tonal language."...

Also, click for a list of English words that originated in Niger-Congo languages or other African languages.

Here's information about the Wolof word "waaw" from
"Yes. [English]
Waaw. / Oui. [Wolof/French]
[pronounciation] wow / wee"
Note: I added the words in brackets to this quote.

"Akan is a Central Tano language that is the principal native language of the Akan people of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 58% of the population, and among 30% of the population of Ivory Coast....

Three dialects have been developed as literary standards with distinct orthographies: Asante, Akuapem (together called Twi), and Fante, which, despite being mutually intelligible, were inaccessible in written form to speakers of the other standards....

The language came to the Caribbean and South America, notably in Suriname spoken by the Ndyuka and in Jamaica by the Jamaican Maroons known as Coromantee, with enslaved people from the region. The descendants of escaped slaves in the interior of Suriname and the Maroons in Jamaica still use a form of this language, including Akan names: children are named after the day of the week on which they are born, e.g. Akwasi/Kwasi (for a boy) or Akosua (girl) born on a Sunday. In Jamaica and Suriname the Anansi spider stories are well known."...

Also, click for information about "Kente". Here's a brief excerpt from that website:
""Kente, known as nwentom in Akan, is a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips and is native to the Akan ethnic group of South Ghana. Kente is made in Akan lands such as Ashanti Kingdom, (Bonwire, Adanwomase, Sakora Wonoo, Ntonso in the Kwabre areas of the Ashanti Region) It is also worn by many other groups who have been influenced by Akans. Kente comes from the word kenten, which means basket in Akan dialect Asante. Akans refer to kente as nwentoma, meaning woven cloth. It is an Akan royal and sacred cloth worn only in times of extreme importance and was the cloth of kings. Over time, the use of kente became more widespread. However, its importance has remained and it is held in high esteem with Akans. The Ewe people especially those from Agortime-Kpetoe of Ghana also claim that, Kente which they also refer to as Agbamevor has always been their traditional cloth."...

5. From
Igbo (Asụsụ Igbo), or Ibo , one of the largest languages of West Africa, is spoken by 18 million people in Nigeria. It belongs to the Benue-Congo group of the Niger-Congo language family. The language is thought to have originated around the 9th century AD in the area near the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, and then spread over a wide area of southeastern Nigeria.

Igbo is one of the official languages of Nigeria. It is spoken in the Southern Delta states of Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo, as well as in the northeast of the Delta state and in the southeast of the Rivers state. In the states of Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo, Igbo is the main language of trade and commerce. It is used in mass media communication such as radio and television in the southern Delta region.

Although Igbo is taught at all levels in eastern Nigerian schools, English remains the principal literary language of the country while remains a spoken and colloquial language. Reading and writing in Igbo is not very widespread. In many urban areas, Igbo is often replaced by Nigerian Pidgin English. Igbo speakers are typically bilingual in English."...
Click "What Does The Igbo Notion Of "Your Personal CHI" Represent? - Culture - Nairaland" for a Nigerian discussion thread about the Igbo philosophical concept "chi".
Note: I believe that the Igbo word "chi" is pronounced the same as or very similar to the English word "she".

{Pancocojams Editor: Unless otherwise noted, the pronunciations that are given are how I believe these words are pronounced. Corrections are appreciated.

1. From
"Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population.[5] It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994.

According to Ethnologue,[6][not in citation given (See discussion.)] it is the second most widely spoken of the Bantu languages, after Shona. Like many other Bantu languages, it is written with the Latin alphabet.

In South African English, the language is often referred to by using its native form, isiZulu."...
Click [#234] for the definition for the Zulu word "indaba".
Here's information about the Zulu word "indaba":
"An indaba (pronounced in-dah-bah[missing stress][1]) is an important conference held by the izinDuna (principal men) of the Zulu or Xhosa peoples of South Africa.[2] (Such meetings are also practiced by the Swazi, who refer to them using the close cognate indzaba.) Indabas may include only the izinDuna of a particular community, or they may be held with representatives of other communities.[2]

The term comes from a Zulu language word meaning "business" or "matter".[3]

Current usage
The term has found widespread use throughout Southern Africa and often simply means gathering or meeting. It is also used in the Scouting movement. The World Scout Indaba was a gathering of Scout leaders."...
I think "indaba" is pronounced in-DAH-bah.

2. "Sankofa" [san-KOH-fah] is an Akan word. Read #4 in the Information links section for #001 for information about the Akan language.

Here's information about Sankofa from
"Sankofa is a word in the Twi language of Ghana that translates to "Go back and get it" (san - to return; ko - to go; fa - to fetch, to seek and take) and also refers to the Asante Adinkra symbol represented either with a stylized heart shape or by a bird with its head turned backwards carrying a precious egg in its mouth. Sankofa is often associated with the proverb, “Se wo were fi na wosankofa a yenkyi," which translates as: "It is not wrong to go back for that which you have forgotten."[1]

In addition to being used on adinkra cloth in Ghana, the Sankofa heart is a common design on gates in the United States, particularly New York City. In Brooklyn, the Sankofa heart is commonly upside down on gates to Brownstone residential buildings.

The sankofa bird appears frequently in traditional Akan art, and has also been adopted as an important symbol in an African-American and African Diaspora context to represent the need to reflect on the past to build a successful future. It is one of the most widely dispersed adinkra symbols, appearing in modern jewelry, tattoos, and clothing."...

3. Here's information about the Chichewa language:
"Chewa, also known as Nyanja, is a language of the Bantu language family. The noun class prefix chi- is used for languages,[4] so the language is usually called Chichewa and Chinyanja (spelled Cinyanja in Zambia, and Cinianja in Mozambique). In Malawi, the name was officially changed from Chinyanja to Chichewa in 1968 at the insistence of President Hastings Kamuzu Banda (himself of the Chewa tribe), and this is still the name most commonly used in Malawi today.[5] In Zambia, Chewa is spoken by other people like the Ngoni and the Kunda, so a more neutral name, Chinyanja '(language) of the lake' (referring to Lake Malawi), is used instead of Chichewa."...
Click for the meaning of the Chichewa word “Ndimakukonda”.
I don't know how "Ndimakukonda" is pronounced.

4. Here's information about the Kinyarwanda langauge:
"Kinyarwanda is one of the four official languages of Rwanda (along with English, French and Kiswahili) and is spoken by almost all of the native population. That contrasts with most modern African states, whose borders were drawn by colonial powers and do not correspond to ethnic boundaries or precolonial kingdoms.[5]....
Also, click for a list of Kinyarwanda words including the word "Imana".
I believe that "Imana" is pronounced E-MAN-ah.

5. Here's information about the Lingala:
"Lingala (Ngala) is a Bantu language spoken throughout the northwestern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a large part of the Republic of the Congo, as well as to some degree in Angola and the Central African Republic. It has over 10 million speakers."...
Click for a list of Lingala words including
I'm not sure how "tokomonana" is pronounced, but if you use the most common way that words are pronounced in English (with the stress on the next to the last syllable), that Lingala word be pronounced "toh-koh-moh-NAH-nah".

Note that the Lingala word "tokomonana" is very similar to the Swahili word "tutaonana" which also means "goodbye".

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Friday, February 16, 2018

Migos- "Stir Fry" (sound file, dance challenge video,+ lyrics, and some explanations of the meaning of these lyrics)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post provides information about Migos, showcases a sound file of the song "Stir Fry", provides the lyrics to that song, and provides explanations for some of the song's lyrics.

This post also showcases one YouTube example of clips from "Stir Fry" dance challenge videos.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, etymological, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to the composers of this song, the members of Migos and Pharrell L. Williams. Thanks also to Migos for performing this song. Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post, thanks to those featured in this video, and thanks to the publisher of this sound file and this video on YouTube.

"Migos is an American hip hop trio from Lawrenceville, Georgia, formed in 2009.[1] The trio is composed of three rappers, known by their stage names Quavo, Offset, and Takeoff. The group's name is a reference to the Georgia drug trade, where a "migos" is an abandoned house used for production or consumption of drugs.[2]

Migos was formed in 2009, by Quavo (born Quavious Keyate Marshall),[9] Takeoff (born Kirshnik Khari Ball),[10] and Offset (born Kiari Kendrell Cephus),[11] originally known as Polo Club and from Lawrenceville, Georgia. The three members are directly related and were raised together; Quavo is Takeoff's uncle, and Offset is Quavo's cousin.[12] The three of them grew up together in Gwinnett County, a mostly suburban area half an hour northeast of Atlanta. "I ain't going to sit here like, 'My neighborhood was hard, and I had to get out there and grind.' We made it hard for ourselves. We chose to stay on the streets," Quavo said.[13] The group released their first full-length project, a mixtape titled Juug Season, on August 25, 2011. They followed with the mixtape No Label on June 1, 2012.


On October 27, Migos officially released "MotorSport", the lead single of their second studio album Culture II, along with Cardi B and Nicki Minaj.[56] The second single, "Stir Fry", was released on December 20, 2017 on the official Migos YouTube channel. The song is produced by Pharrell Williams.[57]. The song is will be used for the 2018 NBA All-Star Weekend. [58]”...
This sentence is given in italics to highlight it.

[WARNING: This sound includes the word "ni&&a" and the word "sh&t*".

I didn't showcase the video of this song on this blog because of its violent content.]

Example #1: Migos - Stir Fry (Audio)

MigosVEVO, Published on Dec 20, 2017

Example #2: Stir Fry Challenge Dance Compilation #stirfrychallenge #stirfrydance

One Challenge, Published on Feb 5, 2018

Stir Fry Challenge Dance Compilation #stirfrychallenge #stirfrydance

Best, dubsmash, instagram and flipagram Stir Fry Challenge Compilation and lit dance.

Pancocojams is a family centered blog and therefore doesn't fully spell out words that I consider to be offensive and r that are profanity. Migos' "Stir Fry" has two words in those categories which are noted by asterisks.

Also, note that some lyrics in this song refer to illegal drugs, refer to drug activity, include an offensive reference to females, and includes references to sex.

(composers: Migos (Kiari Kendrell Cephas, Kirsnick Khari Ball, & Wuavious Keyate Marshall), and Pharrell L. Williams)

[Intro: Quavo]
Woo, woo, woo, woo
Woo, woo, woo, woo

[Verse 1: Quavo]
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
Trap ni&&a* with the chickens like Popeye's (Popeye's)
Money changin' colors like tie-dye (tie-dye)
I'm just tryna get it, I ain't tryna die (no)
She got a big ol' onion booty, make the world cry (cry)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
Hold them bands down (hey), hold your mans down (hey)
Who told you come around? (Who?), this that trap sound (trap)
Designer, clothes (clothes), fashion, shows (shows)
Trap, house (house), made of, gold (gold)
Control the bag now (control it) no need to brag now (no need)
Ayy, put the mask down (mask), we livin' fast now (fast)
Finest, hoes (finest), wrist, froze (hoes)
We can, go (we can), coast to, coast (coast)

[Chorus: Quavo]
Keep watchin' me whip up
Still be real and famouuuuus, yeah
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (woo, woo, woo, wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)

[Verse 2: Offset]
Gon' whip it, intermission, let the birds fly (brrr)
I get money, tunnel vision through my third eye (money)
In that skillet, watch me flip it like it's Five Guys (flip it)
Look at my pilgrim, check out the ceilin', look at the blue sky (skrrt)
Icy Patek, check, yeah, boogers, they sit on my neck (ice)
I don't regret sh&t, yeah, I'm paid and I don't got a debt (hah)
You crawl 'fore you walk, you can ball every week
For my dogs 'hind the wall, we gon' ball when you free (ball)
Stop watchin' me, democracy, you wanna copy me (you watchin')
Life's Monopoly, go cop me some land and some property (property)
AP, Rolls (Rolls), pink diamonds, whoa (whoa)
Whip up the soda, diamonds off the Royce (hey)

[Chorus: Quavo]
Keep watchin' me whip up
Still be real and famouuuuus, yeah
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)

[Verse 3: Takeoff]
In the kitchen, curry chicken, call it stir fry
Takeoff, I'm the bird keeper, let the birds fly
Why you tryna take my prize? You a dead guy
Of course, I gotta keep a watch out through my bird eye
No casket, drop dead fresh and I got dead guys
Don't discriminate, ball players come in all sizes
Finger roll, post move or the pick and roll
They mad the way we win, they think we used a cheat code
Why you keep lookin' at me?
I feel like ni&&as* got static
It must be the Patek
Pockets blue cheese, I'm in the kitchen

[Chorus: Quavo]
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
Keep watchin' me whip up
Still be real and famouuuuus, yeah
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (wroof)

online source:
*These words are fully spelled out in these lyrics.

These explanations are gleaned from various online sources and/or from my own sense of what these lyrics mean.

Note that a word or phrase in this song can have more than one meaning at the same time. This is similar to, but not that same thing as "coded meanings" (for instance in some African American Spirituals) in which a socially correct meaning could be given to a word to hide what was really meant).

Additions and corrections are welcome for these lyrics explanations.

These explanations are given in order of their use in the song and are numbered of referencing purposes only.

General note about this song:
"The second track to be released from Culture II, this finds Migos dropping a number of fast food references as they flaunt their status as innovators and wealth-makers.

Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
Trap ni&&a with the chickens like Popeye's (Popeye's)
Money changin' colors like tie-dye (tie-dye)

Quavo, Offset and Take Off also touch on the trio's usual topics of cash, girls, luxuries and drugs.
The song title comes from Quavo's catchy hook in which he compares the Chinese cooking technique to making crack; whipping the wrist to combine ingredients."

Some Specific Explanations

1. dogs
"...(c) [1990s+] (also dawg, dogg) a close friend.
(d) [1990s+] (also dogg) a general term of address, usu. between men"...

2. "trap ni&&a" - a man (usually specifically a Black man) who is known to be in "traps" and/or in neighborhoos where "traps" are located

Trap music is a subgenre that originated during the 1990s from Reggeaton in Puerto Rico.[1][2] It is typified by its ominous lyrics and sound that incorporate double or triple-time division hi-hats,[3] heavy kick drums from a Roland TR-808 synthesizer, layered synthesizers, and "cinematic" strings.[4][5] The term "trap" initially referred to places where drug deals take place. In recent years it has been incorporated with electronic dance music (EDM) by artists who have remixed and made trap songs with more EDM-like aspects.[6]
Stylistic origins:
Southern hip hop
hardcore hip hop
Italics are added to highlight this sentence. Notice that this vernacular meaning of "trap" has the same meaning as the word "migos".

Also, read for more information about Trap music".

3. chicken

3) - An attractive woman with thighs and breasts (like a real chicken)
by Chris December 27, 2003

A kilogram of cocain. Dealers started calling kilos "birds" which then evolved into "chicken."
Person 1) How much you got left?

Person 2) A quarter chicken.

by DEKE April 11, 2005

Kilograms of cocaine
birds,half a wing,everything that has to do with birds usually means kilo of coke when a rapper says it in a wierd way
Big Meech got in the box for 30 years for movin chickens.

I'm bout to ship a couple chickens for 17.5 each
#birds#somethin thats not birds#ljlj#mojjm#flajl
by ATLant4 December 07, 2007

5. Popeyes - a fast food chain that specializes in chicken

6. tie-dye - a method of creating different color designs on cotton or other fabrics
...The process of tie-dye typically consists of folding, twisting, pleating, or crumpling fabric or a garment and binding with string or rubber bands, followed by application of dye(s). The manipulations of the fabric prior to application of dye are called resists, as they partially or completely prevent the applied dye from coloring the fabric.


Tie-dye techniques have also been used for centuries in the Hausa region of West Africa, with renowned indigo dye pits located in and around Kano, Nigeria. The tie-dyed clothing is then richly embroidered in traditional patterns. It has been suggested that these African techniques were the inspiration for the tie-dyed garments identified with hippie fashion.[11]

Tie-dyeing was known in the US by 1909, when Professor Charles E. Pellow of Columbia University acquired some samples of tie-dyed muslin and subsequently gave a lecture and live demonstration of the technique.[12]"...

7. onion booty = a woman's butt that is shaped like an onion

8. stir fry
"The song title comes from Quavo's catchy hook in which he compares the Chinese cooking technique to making crack; whipping the wrist to combine ingredients."

"verb (used with object), stir-fried, stir-frying.

to cook (food) quickly by cutting into small pieces and stirring constantly in a lightly oiled wok or frying pan over high heat: a common method of Chinese cookery.
"Stir fry" is also a noun which refers to food cooked this way

9. trap sound [read explanation #2]

10. Trap, house [read explanation #2]

11. finest - most attractive

12. hoes - whores, and/or fast women; women who willingly engage in sex

13. froze hoes- may refer to expensive "hoes"; note "Froze" may refer to "ice" which refers to diamonds

14. Gon' whip it,
a drug activity reference, but in the context of dance challenges, [also] refers to dancing, i.e. twisting one's wrist, waist, or hips as in multiple contemporary Hip Hop/R&B songs such as the song 2016 "Whip The Nae Nae" and such as the 2004 R&B song "Let Me See You Whip It"

15. let the birds fly - [read explanation #3]

16. third eye
"The Third Eye Chakra transcends time. It is located in the brain, at the brow, above the base of the nose.

The gift of this chakra is seeing - both inner and outer worlds."...

17. Five Guys- a fast food chain

18.Look at my pilgrim = I think this is a vernacular referent for a sexually promiscuous man's penis

19. Icy Patek,
icy - from one of the vernacular meaning for "ice": expensive jewelry, usually in the form of diamonds

"Patek Philippe & Co. is a Swiss watch manufacturer founded in 1851, located in Geneva and the Vallée de Joux. It designs and manufactures timepieces and movements, including some of the most complicated mechanical watches. It is considered by many experts and aficionados to be one of the most prestigious watch manufacturers.[7]"

20. check - [in the context of these lyrics] - a word that is said when you've checked off something from a list [because you have it or because you've done it]

21. boogers= an insulting term for a person, short form of "hoodboogers"
A term used to describe young, thug kids from areas where crime is stereotypically high.
While I was working, some hoodbooger was trying to steal a digital camera, but I caught him.
#thug #hudbooger #gangbanger #street #hood"
by indolentphil January 11, 2008

22. ball = enjoy yourself, have a great time, party [verb]

23. For my dogs 'hind the wall, we gon' ball when you free (ball)= for my friends who are locked up in prison/jail, we're going to have a great time enjoying ourselves when you are released

24. democracy = in the context of these lyrics I think this word means White folks; i.e. members of the majority culture in the United States "democracy"; I think this sentence is Migros warning against trying to copy or culturally appropriate their song/s

25. Monopoly
"Monopoly is a board game where players roll two six-sided dice to move around the game-board buying and trading properties, and develop them with houses and hotels. . Money can also be gained or lost through Chance and Community Chest cards, and tax squares; players can end up in jail, which they cannot move from until they have met one of several conditions."...

26. Takeoff, I'm the bird keeper, let the birds fly
"Takeoff" is the stage name of one of members of Migos; read the explanations for #3

27. ball players - in the context of these lyrics, means people involved in playing the game of life or more specifically the game of hustling in the 'hood

28. Finger roll, post move or the pick and roll- these lyrics may refer to throwing dice [?]

29. "got static" - "get in trouble" (aren't clearly heard; are discriminated against)

30. pocket blue cheese
"blue cheese
the 2013 version of the hundred dollar bill with the blue stripe
I got a pocketful of new hundreds that blue cheese
by Ong Bak February 12, 2015

31. in the kitchen - in the context of this song "in the kitchen" means that the person is heavily involved in making "dough" (money); albeit illegally ; also read the explanation for #8 [i.e. cooking is usually done in the kitchen]

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Thursday, February 15, 2018

A Sound File & A Video Of The Gospel Song "God's Trying To Tell You Something" From "The Color Purple" Movie (with lyrics)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams provides information about The Color Purple book and movie and showcases the Gospel song "God's Tryin To Tell You Something" as featured in the movie The Color Purple.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, inspirational, motivational, religious, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyright remains with their owners.

Thanks to Andrae Crouch, the composer of this song and thanks to all those who are featured in these videos. Thanks also to the author of The Color Purple and its movie and thanks to publishers of these two clips on YouTube.

This pancocojams post is dedicated to all those who have lost their lives in gun violence in the United States. Rest in peace.

Yesterday's (Feb. 14, 2018) shooting at a Florida high school was the 18th school shooting in the United States in 2018.

It is long past time to DO SOMETHING about the widespread availability of assault weapons and the relative inaccessibility of mental health treatment in the United States.

Since Republicans have long fought against gun control and support the decrease in funding for mental health support services, one important step is to remember to vote Democratic in November 2018's elections to replace those in office who just offer "thoughts and prayers" to the families of the victims of these gun tragedies and offer up meaningless statements that "it's too soon to talk about gun violence" every time a gun tragedy happens.

"The Color Purple is a 1982 epistolary novel by American author Alice Walker who won the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the National Book Award for Fiction.[1][a] It was later adapted into a film and musical of the same name.

Taking place mostly in rural Georgia, the story focuses on the life of African-American women in the Southern United States in the 1930s, addressing numerous issues including their exceedingly low position in American social culture.


The Color Purple won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1983, making Walker the first woman of color to win the prize.[5][6] Walker also won the National Book Award for Fiction in 1983.[7] Mel Watkins of the New York Times Book Review wrote that it is a "striking and consummately well-written novel," praising its powerful emotional impact and epistolary structure.[8]

While the novel has garnered critical acclaim, it has also been the subject of controversy. It is 17th on the American Library Association's list of most frequently challenged or banned books.[9] Commonly cited justications for banning the book include sexual explicitness, explicit language, violence, and homosexuality.[10] The book received greater scrutiny amidst controversy surrounding the release of the film adaptation in 1985.[11] The controversy centered around the depiction of black men, which some critics saw as feeding stereotypical narratives of black male violence, while others found the representation compelling and relatable.[12]


The novel was adapted into a film of the same name in 1985. It was directed by Steven Spielberg and stars Whoopi Goldberg as Celie, Danny Glover as Albert, and Oprah Winfrey as Sofia. Though nominated for eleven Academy Awards, it won none. This perceived snubbing ignited controversy because many critics considered it the best picture that year,[14] including Roger Ebert.[15]."...

Example #1: God is trying to tell you somethin(The Color Purple)

qwertyuiop205, Published on Aug 3, 2008

this song is one of the greaset hits of all of america for the the best selling song.

Example #2: The Color Purple: God Is Trying To Tell You Something

ADB, Published on Oct 14, 2012

This is the song "God Is Trying To Tell You Something", as performed in the movie "The Color Purple". The vocals for the lead singer "Shug" are performed by singer Tata Vega.
Here are selected comments from this video's discussion thread that explain this scene (These comments are numbered for referencing purposes only:
1. SpikedHoney, 2013
"What always got me was that the folks were straight CHILLIN' at the Juke Joint EARLY on Sunday morning. At least creep in during the afternoon."

2. Karimah Abdul-Mani, 2017
were probably there all night. lol. smh."
smh= [a saying not an actual action meaning] "shake my head" (in exasperation, annoyance, and/or some other emotion/s)

3. Jaime Knoble, 2016
"Always wondered, is the girl singing lead in the church choir Shug's child that her parents raised?"

4. westnar1
"Yes that's Shug's oldest child"
"Shug" is an African American affectionate nickname (for a female or male). The nickname is a clip of the word "sugar".

5. nyrockchicxx, 2017
"I always feel that at one time Shug was that young girl in the choir singing lead, but she had so much fire in her to live life she had to sing in clubs, yet never did she forget those gospel roots, which lead her back to her father. That choir is awesome too.
A great song. A great scene."

6. Michelle Williams, 2016
"I definitely agree and I believe you caught the moral of the story."

7. Michelle Williams, 2016
"I felt the father pushed her away because she left the church, had a child and wasn't married which is the girl singing lead in the choir"

8. nyrockchicxx
"Well yes. Her father was the morally upright preacher, and his daughter was some sinner! In the book she has 2 children (by Mister no less), unmarried, that she leaves behind with the preacher & his wife, while she goes off & carouses around town, drinks, uses her God given talent to sing in juke joints, and then to the big city before she returns, and this scene."

(composer Andrae Crouch)

Yes, yes, yes, yes
Lord, yes
Oh, yes
My soul, my soul says yes

If I were you
I would say yes, speak
Speak to me
Oh, Speak, Lord
Won't you speak to me?
I was so blind, I was so lost until you spoke to me
Oh, speak, Lord
Speak, Lord
And hear my mind,
Oh, with your word, heal my soul
Oh, speak, Lord
Speak to me. Speak, my Lord
I love you, Lord
Save my soul

Can't sleep at night and you wonder why
Maybe God is trying to tell you something
Crying all night long, something's gone wrong
Maybe God is trying to tell you something

Oh, you can't sleep at night and you sure wonder why
Maybe god is trying to tell you something

Trying, trying, trying, trying, I'm trying, I'm trying, I'm trying
Maybe God is trying to tell you something (repeat 4x)

Lord, He's got to tell you something (repeat 2x)

I hear you, Lord
Maybe God is trying to tell you right now, right now
I'm gonna praise your name
I praise your name
Speak to me, Lord
Maybe God is trying to tell you something right now, right now,
Right now
Thank you, Lord
Maybe God is trying to tell you something right now
Right now, right now
Thank you, Lord...

online source:

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